Why do buildings look the way that they do? When the people of Litchfield built their homes, public buildings, and businesses, they generally followed the popular styles of the day. They used the newest building technology and materials as well.
What is an architectural style? It includes a building’s basic forms and building materials. It reflects a society’s new ideas, technology, or materials. Sometimes, as you will see in Litchfield, these new ideas harken back to older times. These are called “revivals.”
You can find many different styles represented in the city. Here are a few examples with key visual elements.
Keys: Arched or lancet windows. Sharply-peaked gabled dormers. elaborate verge board trim along roof edge.
Keys: Bay windows. Brackets under roof eaves. Flat or shallow hipped roof.
Keys: Tall, narrow windows. Mansard roof. Narrow eaves with brackets below.
Keys: Wrap around porch. Turrets, towers or cupolas. Assymetrical.
Wide arches. Thick columns. Pointed towers. Rough-hewn stones.
Square, boxy design. Two-and-one-half stories high. Moderate sloped hipped roof. Dormers.
Full height, columned front porch topped with a classical pediment. Symmetrical front.
One-and-a-half stories with sloping front roof. Wide overhanging eaves. Multi-paned top sashes and single-paned bottom sashes. Often called the bungalow style.
Flat roof with modest cornice. Windows often paired. Use of machine-manufactured brick.
Art Deco and Moderne
Boxy design with vertical lines. Stepped parapet. Smooth stone exterior.